Published February 21, 2019
This video was recorded by Sathi Murmu in West Bengal, India. Santhali, also spelled Santali, is spoken by at least seven million people, primarily in Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and the Indian states of Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Odisha, Tripura and West Bengal. A primarily oral language until the 19th century CE, Santhali was first written using Bengali, Odia, and Roman scripts, until the playwright Raghunath Murmu developed the Ol Chiki script in 1925. Today, Santhali is one of India's constitutionally official languages. It is a member of the Austroasiatic linguistic family, meaning it shares roots with languages of Southeast Asia, including Vietnamese, Khmu, and Khmer.