Published March 31, 2019
This video was recorded by Nikkhil Kamath in Karnataka, India. Kundagannada is a variety of the Kannada language, which is spoken primarily in the state of Karnataka, with some minorities in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, and Kerala. It is spoken widely as a second language by 13 million speakers, is one of the scheduled languages of India, and the administrative language of the state of Karnataka. Kannada has an extensive literary history, with a Kannada script dating back to a fifth century ancestor, the Kadambra script, and its classical literary corpus is preceded by a rich oral history as well. Scholars of Kannada are fortunate to have the benefit of over 25,000 stone inscriptions dating to c. AD 450 onward attributed to proto-Kannada and containing Brahmi characters. In this video, Rukku speaks about her work in the paddy fields where she began working at the age of nine, agricultural practices common to her community. Her work involved seeding, transplanting, harvesting, and carrying compost fertilizer, and the crops she grew were paddy, ground peanuts, dal, black grams, and green grams. Kannada is spoken by almost 38 million speakers in India and is a Tamil-Kannada language within the Southern branch of the Dravidian language family.