Published August 28, 2019
This video was recorded by Calvin Jemarang in the Punan Ba village in the territory of Sarawak, Malaysia. Penan (Bah-Biau), also known as Bah-Biau Punan, is considered a threatened language according to Ethnologue, spoken by only 450 speakers as of 1981. The language is split into two dialects, Punan Bah and Punan Biau. The Punan Bah and Punan Biau people who speak these dialects live in Brunei and Borneo in Indonesia around the Merit and Rejang rivers, and are not to be confused with the Penan people who are primarily nomadic. The Punan are believed to be among the earliest settlers of the central part of Borneo. Bah-Biau Punan is spoken by around 450 people. It is classified as a North Borneo language in the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family, closely related to Sajau-Latti, and is as yet unwritten.