Published February 26, 2018
This video was recorded in Colby, Isle of Man, the United Kingdom. This Celtic language is spoken by as many as 1,800 people, primarily on the Isle of Man, a self-governing territory of the United Kingdom. During the nineteenth century CE, English-only policies in the region’s schools contributed to a severe decline in the language’s use; Ned Maddrell, the last native speaker of Manx, passed away in 1974. In recent years however, a lively revitalization movement has emerged, thanks to the work of cultural activists like Owen. Today, there are nearly 2,000 second language or ‘L2’ speakers, an increase in bilingual signage and education, and modern media, with Manx-language websites and radio. Although related to Irish and Scottish Gaelic, Manx is typically not mutually intelligible to speakers either languages. The Isle of Man is located in the middle of the Irish Sea, between Ireland and the island of Great Britain.