Published August 29, 2019
This video was recorded by Kunto Nurcahyoko in Bali, Indonesia. Balinese, or Bali, is spoken primarily on the island of Bali, Nusa Penida (an island southeast of Bali), Lombok, and Java. Although Balinese is spoken by over 3 million people overall, its status on the island of Bali is in decline, with fewer than one million speaking the language on a daily basis, a diminishing written form, and a vanishing presence in mass media. This is due to a tight overlap with the Indonesian language, which not only serves as a lingua franca in urban areas but also becomes mixed with Bali in daily conversation. Islands beyond Bali remain a stronghold for the language's future vitality, where it enjoys more prominence. Bali is a Bali-Sasak-Sumbawa language within the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family.