Published September 23, 2020
Bresciano is a variety of the Eastern Lombard language, spoken in Brescia, Lombardy, Italy. It is one of the Gallo-Romance languages alongside Occitan, Catalan, and French. Nicole's Translation: "Hello! My name's Nicole, I am 23 years old and I live in Italy, more precisely in a town in the province of Brescia, in Lombardy. Today in this video I'm going to speak dialetto Bresciano, which is the dialect spoken in the province of Brescia, but also in other territories with some variants, for example in the territories of Mantua bordering the ones of Brescia. Inside the province (of Brescia) itself the dialect may vary: for example, the dialect spoken in the Valley is different from the one spoken in Brescia, and the latter is different from the one spoken where I live, i.e. in a territory bordering the province of Cremona. I started learning dialect when I was a child, because my relatives spoke it in our household. I learnt italian and dialect contemporarily, so I could say that I am a native speaker in both idioms. When I was in elementary school I joined a project where we had to learn some poems in dialect, and by having to read the texts I also learnt how to read it and write it. Nowadays not everybody speaks Bresciano, and I think it's a pity. It would be a pity if it disappeared, so I always hope there is somebody ready to continue the tradition. Personally, I am very happy that I was able to learn it, because it is part of my identity, but also because it has helped me in my studies: in fact I study foreing languages, and there are some sounds in dialect that are not present in Italian, but that I found in the languages I'm studying, so being already able to pronounce them has helped me a lot. I'd like to thank Wikitongues for the opportunity of letting other people learn about Bresciano. Their project is very interesting and it deserves to be shared with as many people as possible. I hope you enjoyed this video and I hope you enjoyed dialetto Bresciano too. Thank you for having listened to my speech. Goodbye everybody!" This video was recorded by Nicole in Lombardy. Lombard is spoken in the Lombardia region in Northern Italy, the South of Switzerland, and parts of eastern Piedmont and western Trentino. Lombard has about 3.5 million native speakers, and most speakers are also fluent in Italian given its prevalence in the region. While the localized varieties of Lombard are mutually intelligible, their usage varies greatly. In Lombardy, this ranges from rarely used to seeing daily use. In Switzerland, the dialects of Lombard tend to be used more openly, with some entertainment only being produced in Lombard varieties. In both countries, Lombard does not have official recognition. In Brescia, Eastern Lombard is used more frequently than in other parts of Lombardy for day-to-day conversation and commerce. The history of the Lombard language is still being studied. It is understood that the Celts influenced it, and much of the language has been traced back to Latin - the predecessor Germanic languages changed due to contact with both the aforementioned Celtic tribes and the Byzantine Empire’s variety of Latin. Furthermore, the different varieties of Lombard are often products of sociolinguistic influence, such as surrounding languages and prestige. Notably, Bresciano features vowel harmony in regards to height, where unstressed vowels preceding a stressed close one adjust to match the stressed close vowel. While there is some debate over if some dialects of Lombard are separate languages instead, Nicole considered Bresciano to be a dialect of Eastern Lombard. This video is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International license. To download a copy, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.