Published July 18, 2019
This video was recorded in India. Assamese is primarily spoken in the Indian state of Assam, where it is granted official status and serves as the regional lingua franca. It is also one of India's 22 official languages in addition to English and Hindi. Like other Eastern Indo-Aryan languages, Assamese is derived from the middle Indo-Aryan Magadhi Prakrit from the early medieval period, with some features that predate Vedic Sanskrit. There are also significant Assamese diaspora around the world. Assamese literature dates back to the 12th to 14th centuries with the Charyapada Buddhist verses, the Ramai Pundit, Boru Chandidas, Sukur Mamud, Durllava Mullik, and Bhavani Das. Eventually the literary language became a state language in the 17th century under the reign of Ahom, otherwise known as the Kingdom of Assam, which oversaw a degree of standardization. Modern Assamese uses the Assamese script, which prior to standardization had three varieties: Bamuniya, Garhgaya, and Kaitheli, all originating from the Kamarupi script. Assamese is spoken by over 15 million people worldwide. It is an Eastern Zone Bengali language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.