Published April 9, 2020
Finnish, referred to as suomi or suomenkieli, is spoken by 5.5 million people. The majority of the speakers live in Finland, with some disapora speakers in Russia, other Nordic countries, and the United States - primarily in Minnesota. It is a recognized minority language in Russia, Sweden, and Norway, and an official language in Finland and the European Union. It is an Uralic language and is recognized for its grammatical cases, large range of diphthongs, consonant gradation, and compound words. There are several dialects of Finnish split into two groups; East and West. They are separated by small changes in vowels, diphthongs, and rhythm. Despite these alternations, the dialects are almost completely mutually intelligible.